直升机在行动

直升机在行动(2002)

当前为已完结资源,最后更新于2021-05-12 05:57:47
又名:
导演: David Douglas 
主演: 马丁·辛 
类型: 纪录 综艺 
地区: 美国 
语言: 纪录片   短片 
更新:2021-05-12(美国)
片长:未知
评分: 共1049网友评分:8.0
备注:直升机在行动相关的剧集:未知

直升机在行动剧集介绍

启迪影院提供直升机在行动全集在线下载,直升机在行动是著名导演David,Douglas呕心沥血的重要代表剧,该剧2002上映好评不断,直升机在行动主要演员也都是当下演技爆表的国民演员:马丁·辛出演,喜欢纪录,综艺类电视剧的朋友一定不能错过直升机在行动。 剧情如下:主演:马丁·辛导演:DavidDouglas语言:英语地区:美国编剧:类型:纪录片/短片上映时间:2002-09-18别名:用户标签:纪录片,IMAX,2002,Documentary,!!5,美国,rayfile,科学片长:imdb编号:tt0330936Agusta109K2:AlpineMedivacRescue  StraightUp'sexplorationofverticalflightbeginswithahigh-impactalpinerescueamidanavalanche.ThedramaticopeningsequencedocumentsthedangerousworkoftheRegamountainrescueteamandtheinvaluableroleoftheAgustaA109K2helicopterinsavinglivesandminimizinginjuries.  Asthecamerapansoverbeautifulvistasofthesnow-coveredSwissAlps,itcutstoacornice,asachunkofsnowbreaksfree,triggeringanavalanche.Thetranquilsceneisshatteredastheavalanchethundersdownthemountainslopes.Withterrifyingspeed,itheadsstraightforamotherandchildtrappedintheircar,wheelsspinningontheicyroad.  Themothercallsforhelponhercellphone,andasecondcallfromasnowplowpromptsradiodispatch.TheRegamountainrescueteamalreadyisairborneenroutetothescene,theredcrosspaintedonthehelicopter'swhiteunderbellysignalingthatmedicalhelpisontheway.Themotherescapes,buthersonismissing.Withinminutesofthehelicopterlanding,therescueteamdigoutthecar,extractthetrappedboy,applyfirstaid,andairlifthimandhismothertosafety.  Asignificantmountainhazard,avalanchesareresponsibleformanydeathseachyear.Timeisoftheessenceinavalancherescuework.Apersonhasa90percentchanceofsurvivaliffoundwithinthefirst15minutes,butone'schancesofsurvivaldiminishwitheachpassingminute.Notonlydohelicoptersprovidequickaccessforrescueteams,theyalsoprovidealifelinetomedicalcare.Flyingtheinjuredtothenearesthospitalasrapidlyaspossibleisnottheonlytypeofrescueoperation;oftenhelicoptersbringthehospitaltotheinjured,whoreceivetreatmentatthescene.  ThepowerfulavalanchewasshotinBritishColumbia'sSelkirkMountainsunderthesupervisionoftheCanadianAvalancheAssociation.TheCAAcontrolsavalancheriskforthesafetyofheli-skiers.Tocapturetheavalanchehead-on,avalancheexpertandfilmmakerSteveKrochelandDavidDouglasdevelopedaquarter-inch-thicksteelcontainerfortheIMAXcamera,whichwasequippedwithatriggeringdeviceandabeepersothatthecameracouldbefoundoncetheavalanchehadsweptitdownthemountain.  TherescuewascompletedinSwitzerland'sBerninaPassneartheItalianborder.FilmingtheRegarescuehelicopterair-to-airsequenceturnedintoaninternationalexcursionasDouglaschasedthesunlightoverItalyinonedirectionandinAustriainanotherbeforesettingdowninSwitzerland.Inanotherdramaticshot,Douglascenteredtheredcrossinthecrosshairsofthecameralensasthecraftdescended.Tofacilitatethisshot,DouglasdugaholeinthesnowlargeenoughtoaccommodatehimselfandtheIMAXcamera.Insidethehole,3feetbelowthehelicopter,hefilmeditstakeoff.  AccordingtoDouglas,"Thehelicopteristheinstrumentofrapidresponsetonaturalphysicalandsocialdisastersaroundtheworld,alleviatinghumansufferingonamajorscale.Fortheindividualcaughtbeyondthelimitsoftrainingorequipment,oftenthelastchanceforsurvivalisthehopethatahelicopterwillgettothemintime."  ThePitcairnPCA2,"MissChampion"  Forcenturieshumansdreamedofflight.TheChinese,inthe12thcentury,developedatoyhelicoptermadefromapairofslatsmountedonastick,butseriouseffortshadtowaituntiltheearly20thcentury.Then,aftertheWrightbrothers'historicflightatKittyHawk,wedreamedofflightunfetteredbythelimitationsofrunwaysandairports.Yetbytheearly1930swewerestillatthedawnofthepracticalrotorcraft,whichpromisedtogiveformtohumanity'svision.  Thetenyearperiodbetween1925and1935wasanexcitingtimeinaviationhistory,butfewaircraftsocaughtandheldthepublic'sattention,astheAutogiro.Nicknamedthe"flyingwindmill,"thisstrange-lookingaircraftwasfirstsuccessfullyflownin1923bytheSpanishinventor,JuandelaCierva,whohadbeenworkingonthedevelopmentofsuchacraftsince1919.TheAutogirofascinatedtheair-mindedpublicbecauseofitsremarkableperformanceandhighdegreeofsafety,attractingsuchleadersofAmericanaviationasCharlesLindberghandAmeliaEarhart.  JuandelaCiervasoldtheAmericanmanufacturingrightstoHaroldPitcairnin1928.Pitcairn'sAutogiroboastedamoremodernfuselagewithbetteraerodynamicqualities.Italsoprovidedprospectivebuyerswithachoiceofeithera300-or420-horsepowerengine.  Inthefilm,HaroldPitcairn'ssonStephenflies"MissChampion,"a1931model.ThisAutogiro,usedforpromotionbytheChampionSparkPlugCompany,iscontrolledlikeanairplane,butisliftedwithblades.Althoughtheoriginalrotorbladeshaveseen1,600hoursofflighttime,theyarestillairworthy.Witha330-horsepowerWrightR975-Eengine,theAutogirohasacruisingspeedof98mphandatopspeedof118mph."MissChampion"ledaNationalAirTourandmadethethen-risky300-mile-longflightfromMiamitoHavana,Cuba.(Untilthen,thelongestover-waterflightbyanAutogirohadbeen25milesinlength.)Later,"MissChampion"flewnonstopoveradistanceof500milestoChichenItzaintheYucatanrainforest."MissChampion"wasretiredfromactiveservicein1932aftersettinganewaltituderecordforrotary-wingaircraft.Climbingtoaheightof21,500feetin1932,theAutogirosurpassedthepreviousrecordsetbyAmeliaEarhart.Today,theAutogiroisconsideredtobetheevolutionary"missinglink"fromwhichthepracticalhelicopterwasborn.  FortyyearslaterStephenPitcairnbegantheformidabletaskofcollectingandrestoringexamplesofhisfather'saircraft.Hetrackeddown"MissChampion"andinOctoberof1982beganthepainstakingtaskofrestoration,usingtheoriginalPitcairnfactorydrawings.Inthespringof1985"MissChampion"flewagain.  TheBell47G:AFlyingLesson  SincePitcairn'sAutogiro,improvedcontrolsystemsallowtheairframetorisedirectlyfromthegroundwithapoweredrotor.StraightUp!putsyouinthepilot'sseatofaBell47Gasthebasicelementsofhelicopteroperationaredemonstrated.TheBell47G'ssingle-rotorconfigurationisbyfarthemostcommontypeusedtoday.Yourflyinglessonbegins.  Asahelicopterpilot,thepilotusesallfourlimbstofly,allatthesametime!Withthelefthandholdingthecollectivepitchcontrollever,hepullsupeversoslightly,andwegostraightupintoaslow-motionhover.Thespinningrotorbladesactassmallwings,buttheyspinsofastthattheycreateonecontinuousdiscoflift.Whenthebladeschangeangle,orpitchcollectively,thehelicopterrisesorfalls.Thepilot'srighthandalwaysholdsthecycliccontrol,effectivelytiltingthewhirlingdiscabove.Pointleft,tiltleft.Pointright,tiltright.Thecamerathenclosesinonthetailrotor.Onceagain,thealteringofthebladesaffectsdirection.Thechopperspinsinresponsetothepilot'sdepressingoneofthetwofootpedals.Ifhedepressesthesecondpedal,thehelicopterspinsintheoppositedirection.  ThePiaseckiH-21BTandemRotorAircraft,"TheFlyingBanana"  ThelastflyingH-21Bhelicopterintheworldtakesoff,headsforthebeachandcruises100feetabovethePacificsurfoffthecoastofCalifornia.Oneoftheearliesttandemhelicopters,theH-21Brepresentsthebirthoftheheavylifthelicoptersanddatesbacktotheearly1950s.Nicknamed"TheFlyingBanana"foritsshape,theH-21Bhadmorepowerandgreaterstabilitythanprevioushelicopters.Thetandem-rotorH-21Bcarriestwosetsofwoodenbladessituatednearly50feetapartbutoperatedbyonesetofhelicopterflightcontrols.Thepilotmustbeevervigilant,asthishelicoptercouldrapidlyinvertshouldthepilotletgoofthecontrols.  ThevintageH-21BusedforthefilmwasdecommissionedfromtheU.S.AirForcein1972andwasrestoredbytheCalifornia-basedClassicRotors:TheRareandVintageRotocraftMuseum.Thisnonprofitmuseumandrestorationfacility,dedicatedtothepreservationofunique,vintageandrarerotorcraft,spentmorethan10,000hoursreturningtheH-21Btoairworthiness.Everyhourflownrequires100hoursofmaintenance.ClassicRotorsistheonlymuseumofitskindtomaintaineighthelicoptersinflyingcondition.WhenitsnewfacilityinSanDiegohasbeencompleted,themuseumwillexpanditsexhibitsfrom15to30vintagerotorcraft.  OneofthehighlightsofitscollectionisafamousrelativeoftheH-21B.ThisisaV44(thecommercialversionoftheH-21)-nicknamed"TheHolyOne"-andistheonlyonetolandattheVaticanandbeblessedbythepope.Whileona1959demonstrationtourinEurope,thehelicopteranditscrewhadprovidedhelptoItaliancommunitiesfollowingadevastatingearthquake.  FutureHelicopterDesigns  Oneaspectofcurrentresearchcentersaroundthedevelopmentof"quiettechnology"thatwillallowhelicopterstobecomebetterneighborsandtooperatemorestealthilyinpoliceandmilitaryoperations.  Quiettechnologyadvancesrelyonacombinationoftechnologies,whichincludeimprovedrotorbladedesignandtheuserofrotorsystemswithfourormoreblades.ReplacingthetailrotorwithaCoanda-effectNOTAR(NoTailRotor)systemgoesalongwayinreducingnoise,asdoesshroudingthetailrotorinanarrangementknowasa"fan-in-fin."Otheradvancesfocusonnoise-dampeningairinletsandimprovedenginenozzles.  Newhelicopterdesignsaretestedintheworld'slargestwindtunnelattheNASAAmesFlightResearchCenterlocatedatMoffettFieldinCalifornia.Ameswasfoundedin1939asanaircraftresearchlaboratoryoftheNationalAdvisoryCommitteeforAeronautics,whichbecamepartoftheNationalAeronauticsandSpaceAdministration(NASA)in1958.NASAhastheleadingroleinaerospaceoperationssystems,whichincludeairtrafficcontrol,flighteffectsonhumans,androtorcrafttechnology.NASAAmesscientistsandengineersstudyrobotichelicopters,high-speedhybrids,andadvancesinquiettechnology.Thecenteralsohasmajorresponsibilitiesforthecreationofdesignanddevelopmenttoolsandforwindtunneltesting.  TheNASA-BellXV-15Tilt-rotor  Inthefilm,anXV-15convertsoverDallas-FortWorthAirport.TheXV-15isanexperimentalrotorcraft,theparentofanewfamilyofaircraftcalled"tilt-rotors."Thetilt-rotorcombinesthehoveringabilityofthehelicopterwiththespeedofafixed-wingaircraft.TheXV-15cantakeoffandlandlikeahelicopter.Theaudiencewillseetheenginestiltingforwardasthetilt-rotorbecomesahigh-speedplane.  TheBell-BoeingV-22Osprey  AV-22Ospreyunwraps,emerginglikeaprehistoricflyingdinosaur.BuiltprimarilyfortheU.S.Marines,AirForce,andNavy,theV-22Ospreyhaswingsthatpivotandrotorsthatfoldtofacilitateitsstorageatsea.Inlessthan90seconds,youwillseetheV-22completethisprocess.Althoughstillclassifiedasatilt-rotor,itisfaster,withthreetimestherangeandmorethantentimesthepayloadofitspredecessor.Itshowsthepromiseoflong-distancetravel,withoutairports.  TheHawk4Gyroplane  Rotorcraftevolutionisalsointhehandsoftheentrepreneur,andthisindependentspiritismostevidentintheHawk4Gyroplane.Whilesomedesignsproducegroundbreakingchanges,thisaircraftbroughttheeconomyandsafetyoftheAutogirointothespaceage.Arotorisusedforslow-speedflight,butathigh-speedcruisingalltheliftisprovidedbythewingwhiletherotorhasnolift.TheGyroplaneshowspromiseasahigh-speed,low-disc-loadingrotorcraft.  TheBoeing-SikorskyRAH-66Comanche  TheComancheripsanddipsacrossthescreen,setagainstasunset.Thisprototypehelicopterhasstealthtechnology.It'ssmart,agile,fastandinvisibletoradar.It'sthefirsthelicoptertoprovidereal-timedigitaldatatoheadquarters.Seeinginthedark,sensingtheforcesatplayaroundusandactingontheevidenceinrealtime,theComancheisacomplexflyingmachinewithahumanbeingatitsheart.Everyday,inunexpectedways,itextendsourpowersandputsustoworkwitharevolutionarytool.  TheComancheisthecentralelementoftheU.S.Army'sfutureObjectiveForce.Inadditiontoitscomplementofmissilesand20-mmcannon,theaircraftcarriesstate-of-the-artsensorsandavionicstoprovidebattlefieldcommanderswithsomuchaccurateinformationaboutenemymovements.Thisknowledgewilltranslateintomoreprecisetargeting,increasingtheeffectivenessoffriendlyforcesbeyondcurrentcapabilities.  TheU.S.Armyhasdefinedarequirementofmorethan1,200ComanchesfortheObjectiveForce.TheRAHComanche,thearmy's21st-centurycombathelicopterisbeingdevelopedbytheU.S.ArmyandateamofleadingaerospacecompaniesheadedbytheBoeingCompanyandSikorskyAircraftCorporation,aunitofUnitedTechnologiesCorporation.  TheSikorskyUH-60BlackHawkandAS350B2AStarEnforcetheLaw  Eventsswiftlyunfoldastheradarplanespotsan"unidentified"CessnadroppingbundlesofdrugsoffthecoastofMiamiatdawn.AsignalalertstheMarineandAirBranchofU.S.Customswhospeedouttointerceptthesmugglers.Justasthedrugsaretransferredfromboattovan,TheAStarhelicopterburstsoverthetreetops,deployingatacticalteamtoarrestthedriver.Whilethesmuggler'sCigaretteboatattemptstoescape,aBlackHawkhelicopterdipsdowntocreateagiantbackwash.Inastunningdisplayofimpeccableteamwork,thisactionforcesthefleeingboattoswervetoahaltasaCustomsboatcutsitoffandapprehendsthecriminals.  Onatypicalday,theU.S.CustomsServiceexamines1.3millionpassengers,2,642aircraft,50,889trucks/containers,355,004othervehicles,588vessels,64,923entriesandundertakesthefollowingenforcementactions:64arrests,107narcoticseizures,223otherseizures,9currencyseizures.Theseamountto5,059poundsofnarcotics,$443,907incurrency,$228,803inconveyances,$525,791inmerchandiseandmorethan$15,800inarmsandammunition.  FilmedoveraperiodoffivedaysoffthecoastofMiami,theair,land,andseadrugbustwasstagedbytheU.S.CustomsService,whichreliesheavilyonhelicoptersduringsuchoperations.  U.S.Customspilot,TomStanton,participatedintheshootwithhisco-pilotKimberlyKessel.KesselisoneofsevenwomenU.S.CustomspilotsandonlyoneoftwoqualifiedtoflyBlackHawks.Bothpilotsvolunteeredtoworkwiththefilmcrew.SaysKessel,agraduateofEmbry-RiddleAeronauticalUniversity,"Theywerephenomenal,readytotryanything."  Inadditiontodaytimeflights,Stantonfliestheriskiernightmissions."Flyingatnightisdangerousasyouloseallperceptionofwhat'supordownbecauseboththeskyandoceanareblack,sotheyjustkindofrunintogether.There'snohorizononthosedarknights,"saystheveteranpilot.  Typicallyhefliesfrom300to500feetabovethewaterat120to150knots."Notmanypeopleflythatlow,eveninthedaytime,"saysStanton."There'snoautopilot,soit'shandson.Plusyou'rechasingsomeone.Youhavetobeaware.Itcangettenseoutthere."  Stantondescribesanairchase:"Oncethere'satarget,welaunchajetwithradar.Thejetpilotcallsthehelicopteroutandwelinkup,flyinginformation.Wefollowthebadguywhereverhegoes.Ifhehasextended-rangefueltanks,weleapfrogandsendanotherhelicopterouttotakeupthechase.(TheBlackHawkcarriesfivehoursoffuel.)Whenhegetsintohislandingconfiguration,wecallthelocalpoliceorsherifftohelpusout."TheBlackHawk,whichcancarryupto14people,typicallycarries4or5armedpersonnel,"soweinstantlyhaveaforceofpoliceofficerstheretogetthebadguys."  "Ifit'saboat,wehaveCigaretteboatslikethesmugglers.We'llcallourboatandhaveitintercept."StantonfliestheBlackHawknexttotheboat,makingithardforthesmugglerstonavigate."Itintimidatesthemintogivingup.Sometimestheydo[but]sometimeswechasethemforhours.Orwe'llfollowthemintoamarinaandblockthemuntilourboatscome.Iftheyhitthebeach,we'llcallthestatepoliceorsheriff,andtheysetupaperimetersotheguycan'tgetout."  Stanton,whofliesmissionsasoftenasonceortwiceaweek,hasbeenflyingfor26years,13ofthoseasanarmyhelicopterpilotbeforehejoinedU.S.CustomsinMiamiwhereheisthe"standardizationinstructorpilot."Hemakessurethateverybodyfliesthesameway,sothatwhentheyteamup,thepilotseasilyworkintandem.Pilotsfly8-hourshiftsandtheoperationgoeson24hoursaday,7daysaweekinareascoveringboththeCanadianandMexicanlandborders,theAtlanticandPacificcoastlines,andtheGulfofMexico.  TheMD500EHelicopter  AMD500helicopterhoversdirectlyabove500,000-voltpowerlines.Asitinchescloser,alightningboltsuddenlyzapsoutfromthehotline,arcingtowardthewandextendedbyalinemanperchedonanaluminumplatformthatjutsoutfromthehelicopter.The"hot-line-qualified"linemanclampsontothepowerlines,andhelicopterbacksoff,leavinghimto"wirewalk,"crawlingalongparallellinestoinspectthePPLpowerlinegrid,100feetofftheground.Toreboardthehelicopter,thelinemanmust"bondoff,"reversingtheprocedure.  "Idon'tgivetwohootsandaholleraboutflyinginsideahelicopter.Putmeoutside,that'swhereIwanttobe,"saysDaniel"Spider"Lockhart,AgRotorslineman.There'sonlythreethingsI'vebeenafraidofmostofmylife:Onewaselectricity,onewasheightsandtheotherwaswomen.And,I'mmarriedtoo,"hegrins."Thesafestlinemanisonethatisafraidofelectricity.Whenwebondtothepowerlinesenergizedathalf-a-millionvolts,wehavetobringourselvestothesamepotential.Thatiswhyyouseethatarcjumpingouttoourwandaswemakeboththehelicopterandthepowerlineatthesamepotential,sothatwecaneliminatetheflowofcurrent,"explainstheveteranlineman.  Spiderwearsaprotectivehotsuit,75percentNomexforfireretardationand25percentstainlesssteelthread."ThemetalthreadbasicallymeansIhaveacagearoundmethatcanbeenergizedatveryhighvoltagelevels.Ahalf-millionvoltspassovermybody,butIcanworkwithoutinterferencefromtheelectricity."  Hecontinues,"Watchingthatelectricityjumpoutwhileyou'reenergizingthehelicopterisathrill.Gettingonthewire,walkingthewiretodorepairsisathrill.ThebiggestthrillIgetisfromdoingwhatIdoisbeingabletodobothtogether-theelectricalpartandthehelicopterpartofit,thespeedatwhichwecandoitandstillbesafe.Therearesomanythingsthatthehelicopterenablesustodoaslinemen,whichisveryrewarding."  TheteamworkoftheskilledhelicopterpilotsandhighlytrainedlinemenensurethatthePPLCorp.providesaconstantsourceofelectricitytoits1.3millioncustomersinPennsylvania(inadditionto4.4millioninLatinAmericaandEurope).Tomaintaintheintegrityofthetransmissionsystemtoresidentialandcommercialestablishments,andtoensurethesafetyoftheoperation,theteamplansandrehearseseverymovewhileonthegroundbeforetakeoff.Evenso,unanticipatedgustsofwindandglarefromthewirescanaffectthepilot'sdepthperception,requiringtotalconcentrationduringhishoursatthecontrols.Asthehelicopterisisolatedfromtheground,thepilotandlineman,cladinprotectivestainlesssteelsuits,mustbondontothetransmissionlinestobringthemselvestothesamevoltagepotentialofthelinetoworksafely-parallelingwhatabirddoeswhenitsitsonawire.  ProbablythemostunusualplacethatthedirectorriggedthecamerawasontheendoftheplatformontheMD500,whichisdesignedtocarrythelinemanashebondsontothehalf-million-voltpowerline."Wetookawaythelinemanandputthecamerainhisplace;thelinemanrodebehindthecameraandusedhiswandtodrawthearcofelectricityrightontothecameralens.Idon'tthinkit'sbeendonebefore.Itblewalltheelectronicsoutofthecameraacoupleoftimesbeforewefiguredouthowtodoit,"recallsDouglas.  TheBoeing234Helicopter:HeliloggingwithLimitedEnvironmentalDamage  FloatingabovetheforestinnorthernCalifornia,a12-tonBoeing234helicopterselectsitstargetwithprecision.Selectiveloggingisaprocesswhereonlyaportionoftheavailabletimberisremovedfromaloggingsite.Asingletreeisliftedstraightupfromtheforestfloor,leavingtherestoftheareaenvironmentallyintact.Removingsuchtimber-veryoftentreesthatarealreadydeadordiseased-allowstheremainingtreestothriveontheadditionalresourcesofsunlight,water,andsoilnutrients.Heliloggingisenvironmentallyfriendlyinotherwaysaswell.First,sincethelogsareliftedfromtheground,littlesoilerosion,typicalofconventionalloggingmethods,occurs.Second,inmanycasesthehelicopterisabletouseexistingroadsforlandings,meaningnonewroadsneedtobebuiltintotheareabeinglogged.  ColumbiaHelicopterscutsmorelogseachyearthananyotherhelicopterloggingcompany.Topreparethetimberforthehelicopter,thespeciallytrainedloggingcrewcutitintocarefullyweighedsections.Columbia'sflightcrewsareamongthemostexperiencedatlong-lineworkintheworld.Withspeedandprecision,theyareabletomoveheavyloadsoflogsattheendoflinesupto350-feetlong.OncethelineisloweredfromtheBoeing234helicopter,steeltongsclampthelogandtheentiretreeisremovedwithoutdisturbingthebalanceofnature."It'skindalikelookin'down25storiesandpickingupatelephonepole,"commentsthehelicopterpilot,DaveStroupe,whodepositsthetimberatanearbytransferyard."Theuniquethingaboutthishelicopteristhat,whenwetakeofffromtheground,weweighapproximately22,000pounds.Andwe'reriggedforabout26,000poundswhenwegetlowonfuel.Sotheloadactuallyweighsmorethanthehelicopter.It'sexcitingandharrowingallatthesametime."  TheBoeing234shavealiftcapacityof28,000lb,(12,727kg),butmostoftencarryloadsbetween23,000lb,(10,454kg)to24,000lb(10,909kg)duetoelevationandairtemperatureconsiderations.Thecompanytrainsloggerstoworkwithhelicoptersbecauseloadweightissuchadramaticpartofwhattheydo.Weightisdetermined,usingaformula,whichareafunctionofthevolumeandthetypeofwood.Differenttreespecieshavedifferentweightspervolume.  Whenoneofthepilotssuggestedusingthelogasaplatformforthecamera,Douglasrealizedanotherexcitingcameraangle.Thepossibilityexistedthatthebranchescouldscrapeoffthecameraasthelogwashauledup.Douglaspreventedthisbyplacingthecamerainsideaheavysteelavalanchebox,whichheanchoredontheendofabiglog.Oncethelogwasgrappled,thehelicopterhauledtheprotectedcamerarightthroughthebranches,givingtheaudienceabreathtakingviewfromtheperspectiveofthelog!TheU.S.MarineCorpsAV-8BHarrier,AH-1WCobra,CH-53ESuperStallionandCH-46ESeaKnightonaMilitaryMission  AnAV-8BHarrierjetdemonstratesitsverticallandingabilityfollowedbyaforcereconnaissanceinserviceexercisefromanaircraftcarrier,asMarinesclimbaboardtheCH-53E.AH-1WCobrasandHarriersformanassault-supportpackage,asthereconnaissanceteamsetsoutonamissiontoobtaininvaluableintelligenceabouttheenemy.  InsidetheCH-53E,themachine-gunnerisatthereadyasaCobrafiresthreerockets.TheactionheatsupastheIMAXcameracapturestheMarinesfast-ropingthroughthe"hellhole"andslidingdownaropedanglingfromtheCH-53E,landinginenemyterritory.Theleaderofthereconnaissanceteamsays,"Bythetimeyougettotouchropeinalivesituation,youandyourmenfeeltighterthanfamily.Yourfatesaretiedlikethestrandsofarope."  TwohourslatertheMarineshavecompletedtheirmissionandarereadytobeevacuated.Nowtheenemyhuntsthemontheground.TreesshakeastherescueCH-53Ehelicopterhoversoverhead,loweringaropetothesquad,nowuptotheirwaistsinwater.Oneaftertheother,inamatterofseconds,themenclipthemselvesontotherope."Extraction,evenmorethaninsertion,iswhenyouneedspeed.You'vebeenawfulquiet.Suddenly,you'reawfulloud,"saysSgt.JamesKenneke,thesquadleader.He'sfirstinandlastout.Liftedup,likewashingonaline,thesquaddanglesbeneaththehelicopterasitisescortedbyCobras,outovertheAtlantic.  "It'sarelieftogetout.Butthere'sthatmomentofdoubt.Everythingslowsdownwhileyou'reexposed�holdingyourbreathforthathappyending.Andwhenyougetit,youfeelontopoftheworld.Ofcourse,thenwe'vegottocommutehomejustlikeeverybodyelse,"smilesKennecke.  TheMi-26andMi-8DeliverHumanitarianAid  Sometimes,somethingverypreciousmustbedeliveredbehindenemylines-food.SierraLeoneisanationthathassufferedyearsofconflict.Fromthefooddepottothehotspot,helicoptersprovideanairbridge.Hoistingfoodandmedicalsuppliestodistressedpeoplebehindrebel-heldterritories,theyhavetheabilitytohopoverhotzonesindesperatesituations.  Theworld'slargestproductionhelicopter-theRussian-madeMi-26-istheworkhorsefortheUnitedNations(UN)peacekeepingoperationinwar-tornSierraLeone.Theheaviestproductionhelicopterintheworld,thismajesticeight-bladedcraft-oneoffourcharteredbytheUNfromRussia-cancarryamaximumof44,090lb(20,040kg)ofinternalpayloadorupto70troops.TheMi-26'stopspeedis183mph(295kph)andithasarangeof304miles(400km).  Inthissequence,theMi-26isloadedwithcargotosupplyUNtroopsprotectinganisolatedcommunityinthecenterofrebel-heldterritory.Theworld'slargestfoodagency,theUNWorldFoodProgram(WFP),organizedamassiveaircampaigntargetinginternallydisplacedpersonsthathadcongregatednearaclinicformalnourishedchildren.OncerebelsfromtheRevolutionaryUnitedFront(RUF)hadsurroundedtheareaandblockedroadaccess,theWFPwaspreventedfromcompletingabulkdistribution.Instead,theyloadeduptheirMi-8andflewtotheDaruclinicwherethemostvulnerablewomenandchildrenwerelocated.  "AllchildrenunderfivewhoaremalnourishedaregivenaspecialfeedingprograminDaru.Andtheunder-fivearealwaysthefirstonesyoutargetforanykindofextrememalnourishedcases,becausetheydieveryquickly,"saysAyaShneerson,programofficerfortheWFP."Daruisakindofanisland,asafeisland,surroundedbyareasthatareunsafe,"shesays,"andforthatreason,italwaysservedasasortofmagnetfortheveryvulnerablepeoplecomingout."  AnotherbigWFPoperation,FoodforPeace,givesfoodtochildex-combatants,inanefforttoattractthemtodisarmamentanddemobilizationcamps.  Theheavilyladencraftflewoutofthecapitalcity,Freetown,situatedonthewestcoastofAfricabetweenGuineaonthenorthandLiberiaonthesouth.TheWFPsupervisesavarietyoffeedingprogramsinthedisplacementcamps,feeding5,000inanoperationthattargetedBunbuna,KabalaandDaruin2000.  Throughouttheworld,helicoptershavesavedmillionsofhumanlives.Thereare777millionpeopleindevelopingcountries,accordingtotheWFP.In2001theWFPfed77millionhungrypeople(10percentofthehungrypoor)in82countries.  Diamonds,whichshouldhavebroughtprosperitytoSierraLeone,insteadresultedinoneofthemodernworld'smostbrutalinsurgencies,datingbackto1991whenrebelslaunchedawartooverthrowthegovernment.Intheensuingyears,continuousbattlesbetweenthevariousfactions-rebels,thearmyandthegovernment-displacedtensofthousandsofinnocentcivilians,resultinginhungerandfamine.In1998UNobserversdocumentedreportsofongoingatrocitiesandhumanrightsabuses.In1999negotiationsbeganbetweenthegovernmentandtherebels,andanagreementwassignedinLometoendhostilitiesandformagovernmentofnationalunity.By2000,theUN'sexpandedroleresultedinthedeploymentof17,500militarypeacekeepingpersonneltovariouspartsofthecountry.FreeelectionsinMay2002havegivenhopeandafreshstartedinSierraLeone.  TheAS350B2andAS350B3UsedforWildlifeRelocation  InSouthAfrica,helicoptersarehelpingtosavetheblackrhinofromextinction.Protectedinafewremotepreserves,theirnumbersarerising.However,shouldtherhinosfeelovercrowded,theywillfighttothedeath.Toprotectthespecies,somemustberelocatedtosafehabitats,butthisiseasiersaidthandone.  Aplatformdanglesfromahelicopteroverhead.Insideanotherhelicopter,flyinglowovertheSouthAfricanveldt,amanwitharifletakesaimatablackrhinoceros,dodgingthroughthebushesbelow.Thepilotconcentratesonflying5feetaboveand10to15feetbehindtherhino.Anticipatingitseverymove,awildlifeveterinarianpullsthetriggerofhisgunloadedwithatranquilizerdart,scoringadirecthitthatsuccessfullypenetratestherhino'sinch-thickskin.  "WhenIamdartinganimalsliketheblackrhino,thereisthisimmensetrustbetweenmyselfandPiet,thepilot,"sayswildlifeveterinarian,Dr.DouwGrobler,whospecializesinimmunizationsandtranslocations."Iknowexactlywhathe'sgoingtodoandwherehe'sgoingtoplaceme.Idon'thavetothink.Icanjustconcentrateontheanimals.Ijustknowhe'sgongtoputmethereintherightspotattherighttime.It'salmostthathesenseswhattheanimal'sgoingtodo.Inthatway,hecanchangetheanimal'smindwithhishelicopter."  Groblerhasmeasuredaspecificdrugdosage,whichcankeeparhinoasleepforuptotwohours.Oncetherhinoisdarted,thegroundcrewlandsassoonaspossibletoundertakeamultitudeoftasks.Theymonitorthebeast'svitalsigns,takeskinandbloodsamplestostudyitsbasichealthandtodetectanynutrientsthatarelacking.Thisensuresthatthehabitatishealthyforlong-termpropagation.Theyalsoconductpregnancytesting.Eachrhino'searisnotchedsothatitcanbeidentifiedeasilyfromtheairandground.Thetipofthesecondhornisremovedtoprovidematerialforgeneticresearch,andatransmitterisfittedintotherhino'shornfortrackingitswhereabouts.Poacherspresentaconstantdangertotherhinos'security.Shouldapoacherremovethehornforexport,thetransmitterwouldtriggeranalarm.  Whentwomalesinhabitthesameterritory,onemustberelocatedbeforetheybattletothedeath.Placingaslinginposition,thecrewrollstherhinoaboardtheplatform,makingsureitisfullyasleep.Withaliftingcapabilityof3,500lb(1,590kg),theAStarB3canrelocatethe2,250-lb(1022-kg)rhinotoanareaofthesanctuarythatisaccessibleonlybyhelicopter.  Theextensiveresearchonelevenblackrhinosacquiredduringthefour-dayshootwasmadepossibleonlythroughSKFilm'sfinancialcontribution."MyfieldofexpertiseliesinthecaptureandrelocationofAfricanwildlife.IamextremelygratefultoStraightUp!forsponsoringthisincrediblyimportantresearchandrelocationprogramatthegamepark.Withoutthefilm,thisresearchwouldnothavehappened,"saysGrobler,whoorganizedthecapture,researchandrelocationproject,withthefilm'sproductioncrew."Everyanimalisjustsovaluable,"hesays,"andanyinformationthatcanbecollectedonthemisworthitsweightingold."  Theprehistoricancestoroftoday'srhinosexistedmorethan50millionyearsago.Amongtoday'sfiverhinospecies,theblackrhino,whichhastwohorns,hassufferedthemostspectacularrateofdecline.Fromapopulationof65,000in1970ithadbeenhuntedalmosttoextinction,decliningtoapopulationof2,300by1992-93.CurrentstatisticsindicatethattheAfricanblackrhinopopulationhasrisento3,500asaresultoftheprotectionofnaturereserves,developedbyconservancygroups,agenciesandgovernmentstofacilitatebreedingandrelocationprograms.  ThissegmentofStraightUp!wasfilmedinonesuchreserveinSouthAfrica,whereblackrhinoshadbeenreintroducedin1986.Thehelicopter,anirreplaceableco

网友评论

热门综艺